What is CALD writing?
Culturally and linguistically diverse writing (CALD) in Australia is a literature in crisis with many writers feeling disparaged by or excluded from mainstream platforms, festivals and publications. Structural discrimination works against writers of colour, queer writers, minority writers, Indigenous writers, refugee writers. Their work is often represented in tokenistic or reductive ways. There are significant gaps, absences of discourse reflecting informed and sensitive responses to the intersections of race, class, gender and ability. Discrepancies in cultural capital for these writers has the effect of diminishing or silencing their stories. Invariably they are required to assimilate, to flatten and adapt their stories to a conforming narrative of white heteronormativity.
What can be done?
Mascara is collating qualitative data for the purpose of evaluating discrepancies between creative arts policy and cultural practice in Australia with regard to peak bodies, institutions as well as individual publishers and performance platforms. The goal of this initial study is to establish the grounds and framework for further research to look at specific ways of closing the gap between the existing general policy and a range of sustainable solutions that we hope will foster dialogue, extend access and strengthen the representation of diverse writing in Australia.
Phase 1: Goals
1. We are especially interested in collating writers’ psychological responses (anonymous or otherwise) to discrimination or exclusion from publishing or performance platforms. How it may have affected self-esteem, confidence, artistic practice, psychological well-being, belief in their work, networks, a sense of belonging, community participation, career status, family commitments, financial status and the like. We are interested in how the effects of exclusion or not-belonging might be analysed within psychological frameworks.
2. We plan to collate qualitative data for cultural diversity from the organizers of major Australian prizes, also from literary publications and festivals. This takes the form of a survey exploring a sense of current representations, acquaintance with terminology, diversity monitoring, selection of judges criteria and future directions. Were it to become feasible we hope this study will invite dialogue, and frame the basis of future planning which will inform, expand and diversify both participation and audiences. Participants in our preliminary research include organisations such as Australian Poetry, the Vice Chancellor’s Poetry Prize, WILAA (Women in Literary Arts Australia), and The Australian Centre.
3. We are active in writing, thinking, publishing and advocating for more nuanced critical approaches to CALD literature, more diverse judging panels in arts organisations, and national prizes and greater diversity in the publishing sector.
3. Our role is to also intercept cultural narratives that marginalise, absent, domesticate or tokenise our subjectivity. By mapping and marking our absence and our resistance we are archiving ourselves as active participants in Australian literary culture. We theorise and hashtag this as #Interceptionality. By enabling transient but cumulative exchanges based on equal status interceptionality augments our social capital when public policy has failed to address inequalities of access. It is a methodology for counteracting the economic, political, academic and linear institutional forces that oppress and colonise marginal voices.
Our work has been described as follows:
‘In the case of Mascara, this internationalism takes on a critical and, indeed, explicitly political tone, insofa as its critique of Australian literary nationalism is also a critique of the exclusionary nature of an Australian nationalism that views its intellectual home as lying in the West (even though it is geographically located in Asia) and accordingly does not adequately represent Indigenous and migrant representations……
….. from this perspective, digital technology enables a journal like Mascara to challenge literary nationalism and create an alternative space for a more inclusive literary discourse.
…… a journal like Mascara seeks to alter them (‘existing literary networks’) by finding new spaces of inclusion.’
~ Emmett Stinson, ‘Little Magazines in the Digital Sphere’ in Creating Space in the Fifth Estate, Ed Phillip McIntyre, Janet Fulton, Cambridge University Scholars, 2017
and in Media International Australia:
…Transnational literary communities have also been formed. Michelle Cahill discusses her experiences with the Mascara literary epublication:
This kind of interaction is empowering. It is truly transnational and can operate outside pedagogical spaces, while still being interdisciplinary between creative and theoretical spaces. It is a kind of communication that does not rely on the economies of established authority to develop the discourse, creative writing and reviewing that literary journals like Mascara support … it signals the empowerment of minorities and subalterns to disseminate complex and sophisticated knowledge and to collaborate in order to further develop this. It really signals a deterritorialisation of otherwise impassable boundaries and barriers which previously held knowledge as an homogenised, central and economically privileged form of literary authority (Cahill, 2014).
~ Dr Jan Zwar
Cultural Weekly article by Robert Wood on the need for strategic initiatives and navigating structural racism
Peril article by Lian Low, editor of Peril Magazine
artsHub article by Richard Watts outlines the Senate Inquiry into Arts Funding and effects on the CALD sector
Sydney Review of Books article by Michelle Cahill ‘Who is Lobbying For Migrant Writers?’
Sydney Morning Herald Lionel Shriver and Identity Politics at Brisbane Writers Festival and the aftermath, by Susan Wyndham
Australian Women Writers Challenge article by Michelle Cahill ‘Impurities and Audacious Voices’
Sydney Review of Books article by Michelle Cahill ‘I am Doubt Itself: Criticism, Narrative, Ethics’
Record of Public Forums/Discussions
July 23 2014 Australian Poetry ConVo attended by Michelle Cahill with Lisa Gorton, Fiona Wright, Michael Sharkey, Kent MacCarter
See the video link.
Friday 21st August 2015 at The Wheeler Centre’s Workshop Space Melbourne Writers’ Festival 2015
4 November 2015 Senate Inquiry into Arts Funding Parramatta Hearing
23 November 2015 Literary Roundtable at the Wheeler Centre attended by Lia Incognita, David Ryding, Mridula Chakraborty, Lian Low, Eleanor Jackson, Kent MacCarter and Jill Eddington
2 December 2015 Report of the Senate Inquiry into Arts Funding at 2.117, 3.63-3.67, 5.40
22 September 2016 Talking Writing: Who’s Writing Who? NSW Writers’Centre Michelle Cahill, Ramon Loyola, Julie Koh, Sarah Saleh, Sheila Pham
20 May 2017, Feminartsy Ideas Fest the panel ‘Creating a Culture of Diversity and Inclusion’ was attended by Jo Langdon, our non-fiction editor: an interview with Jo Langdon
Fri 25th August 2017 11.30-12.30pm 2017 Cultural Identity in Contemporary Poetry: Panel sponsored by Australian Poetry at the Queensland Poetry Festival to be attended by Michelle Cahill with Sarah Holland-Batt ad David Musgrave, Hosted by Toby Fitch
Research Assistant: Bronwyn Lang
Research Design: Michelle Cahill
Bronwyn Lang is a PhD candidate at the University of Wollongong and the recipient of an Endeavour Australia Asia Award. Her poetry and reviews have appeared in literary journals.
Michelle Cahill is the recipient of a Literature Board Professional Editorial Development Grant, mentored at Kingston University Press, London and a Developing Writer’s Grant. She is a DCA candidate at the University of Wollongong and has received fellowships, literary prizes and an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship. Her essays have appeared in JASAL, the Sydney Review of Books and The Weekend Australian.